Protection of Human Rights in Crimea through Public Diplomacy
On May 12, 2017, the Crimean Tatar Resource Center (CTRC) and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom started the Academy of Public Diplomacy of the Crimean Tatar people in Kyiv. The project "Protection of Human Rights in Crimea through the sustainable development of public diplomacy" aims to prepare 20 potential public diplomats of the Crimean Tatar people to inform the international community about human rights violations in Crimea and repressions against the indigenous Crimean Tatar people.
In 2017 the Academy was held in 5 sessions – three days each. Speakers were Ukrainian diplomats, lawyers and politicians. Topics for discussion were public diplomacy in Ukraine, instruments of its implementation and the phenomenon of public diplomacy as an important trend of modern foreign policy of the state.
Boris Babin, doctor of law, professor and expert of the CTRC told the participants about the concept of international law and international criminal law, its principles and sources, explained the differences in the work of diplomats and international lawyers and principles of human rights activities.
Andrii Pravednyk, acting director of the Department of International Organizations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine spoke about concepts and types of diplomacy and the role of international organizations in international relations. The speaker described in detail the structure and activities of the UN, OSCE and Council of Europe, roles and place of the OSCE and PACE in the system of international relations. Pravednyk also compared these organizations’ activities.
The best effectiveness indicator of the Academy will be the expanding friends circle of the Crimean Tatar people, Crimea and Ukraine in general.
During the first session participants created a social portrait of the Crimean Tatars and presented their projects. Eskender Bariiev, member of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people and the Head of the CTRC discussed the Crimean Tatar people's image and mechanisms of its improvement. The speaker explained how important a positive image of the nation is on the international level.
Vadim Trukhan, chairman of the Board of the NGO "European Movement of Ukraine" spoke about the art of negotiations and clarified the way of achieving success in this area: "Rationality, understanding, communication, reliability and tone of negotiations play an important role in the negotiation process." Participants learned planning a negotiation process and stages and rules of negotiations.
Oleksandr Tsvetkov, doctor of historical sciences and professor at the Diplomatic Academy of Ukraine under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs presented classifications, causes and divisions of international conflicts and the concept of geopolitics. Tsvetkov moreover described the history and principles of diplomatic protocol and etiquette as well as the proper way of a negotiation process.
Together with Oleksandr Tsvetkov and Svitlana Andryushchenko, associate professor of Taras-Shevchenko-University’s Institute of International Relations, students simulated an OSCE meeting and practiced their negotiation skills. Svetlana Andryushchenko explained current tendencies of the geopolitical reorganisation of the world.
Role and place of public diplomacy in Ukraine, current trends of foreign policies and the role of "soft power" were the topics of discussion with Maria Kovach-Butsko, lecturer of Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv. The trainer demonstrated how the components of "soft power" are used in Great Britain, China and the EU. Participants created of a "soft power" concept for Saudi Arabia, Brazil, South Korea and Egypt.
Iryna Brunova-Kalisetska, executive director of the Integration and Development Center for Information and Research worked with participants on the topic "Intercultural Communication in Public Diplomacy" and discussed the elements of life of the Crimean Tatar people, which they would like to present to the international audience.
The students of the Academy also worked in groups on presentation of the Crimean Tatar people in Turkey, Romania, Germany and Ukraine in order to popularize the Crimean Tatar people in the selected countries.
Iliya Kusa, editor-in-chief of the New West Media, described the peculiarities of the Middle East and explained the role of global players in the Middle East: the USA, the EU, China and Russia. According to the expert, the reason for the constant instability in the Middle East is a lack of regional leaders and the contradiction of interests of global players.
The information should be simple, clear, non-alternative and understandable for a 14-years-old.
Ilia Kusa also spoke about the specifics, causes and consequences of wars in the Middle East: the war in Syria, Yemen etc., about the factions which operate in this region, as well as the essence of the conflict around Qatar. The participants discovered the territorial and ethnic factors in the region and the location of oil fields as a key element in the Middle East. Additional topics were the prospects of Ukraine in cooperation with countries of the Middle East, including Ukraine's participation in the Islamic Conference with the assistance of the Crimean Tatars.
Ilia in a cooperation with his colleague Lilia Nguyen held a workshop on international information and discussed the influence of information on society. They showed how the information should be presented internationally, how to work with information and how to prepare content for the international mass media.
As a result of the session students of the Academy developed information campaigns for Crimean Tatars on the international level.